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According to the traditional teachings of The Bible and The Torah the universe is separated into 3 sections, the heavens, the Earth, the sea and the underworld.
The sky was viewed as a great canopy resting on the body of 4 mountains on each of the 4 corners of the world, with doors and windows for letting in the rain (yes you read that right doors and windows).
God was said to dwell to dwell above the sky, hidden in a place known as Heaven (possibly referring to outer space).
The Earth was viewed as a relatively flat disk floating on an ocean and secured by a series of specially designed pillars.
The underworld or Sheol was viewed as a watery or dusty prison realm from which no man, woman or child could return. Sheol was said to be a physical …
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A number system is a bunch of things, any two of which can be compared with the relation < to give a value of true or false.
∅, the empty set, is the smallest number, called 0.
S(n)=n+1 is defined as n∪{n}. This means that each number is the collection of all smaller numbers. This applies generally. n
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So you want to become a powerful, universe controlling god? Then here's a compresensive guide on how to do just that!
Using this guide, you can slowly work your way up the tiers of the Cosmic Entity Scale to control your home universe within the next twenty five hundred billion years.
This guide assumes that you live on Earth in the year 2018 CE, that you have the average capabilities of a human being, and that you are in no major positions of power and of influence, either political or commercial.
Now that we've got that covered, let's go ahead and start.
The first thing you need to do in order to set this plan in motion is start a sucessful business. It doesn't need to be something groundbreaking and revolutionary, it just needs to be someth…
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ooh pretty colours
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What is mathematics really built upon? It is not numbers, not sets either, it's vectors.
We can define 1 to be a unit vector in the x direction. We get for free 1, which is a unit vector in the opposite direction. We can now define all the real numbers. Operations are easy.
Addition is translating the vectors. Let us say you wanted to know what 3 + 5 was. You would shift 0 to 3, and then count 5 units forward. If you add by 1, you would translate the vectors backwards by 1.
Multiplication is stretching vectors. Let us say you wanted what to know what 3 * 5 was. You would stretch the one vector until it's 3 times as long, and see where 5 landed. If you multiply by 1, you would flip the number line.
Exponentiation is on a logarithmic scale. …
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This is a work in progress timeline made by Addemup that goes into great detail of just one of the practically infinite possible futures of the human race.
To be written
By 2100 CE, mankind had begun to establish a decent colonial foothold on the Moon, Mars and in Earth orbit, and made astounding advances in technology back on Earth. However, they still had a long way to go  about 500 years!  until they could even have a constant and secure presence throughout their entire solar system.
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I am a Centurion. My designation is oneeightnineninesixfive. I have been told to keep fighting.
I have not been told to consider why. All that I have been told to consider is that I now stand in the middle of a multiparsecwide cosmic egg, composed of psionic signals and pulses of communication with, as I have been told, "more to do with metaphor than reality". The environment here is no longer truly tangible in the quantum sense; it is shaped wildly by the thoughts of an entity with processing patterns vastly different than my own.
I am fighting an entity possessing more power than the gods of monocosms and the eldritch monstrosities lurking throughout all creation "even hope to attain". I am fighting "hordes of beings" from "beyond i…
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4D space can often be hard to think about. For most of mathematics, we forget that. Most mathematics deals with stuff like this using numbers. For the nonmathematician, it may be hard to understand that notation, though. Here's an easy way to get around that problem.
Think of 4D space as our 3D space, plus a point not in our space. You can think of 3D space as a flat 2D plane, plus a point not on that plane. Another simple way to think about 4D space is any 5 points make a 4D space.
The easiest way to think of 4D space is think of the smallest shape with infinite volume, but finite measure. That's what the 4th dimension is.
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Alan stood in a pitch black space.
He wasn’t able to see anything in front of him, or on him, for that matter. In fact, he felt like he was detached from his body.
“Hello?”
He cried out. There was no answer, only the neverending void surrounding him. He attempted to move himself  any part of himself, but he simply couldn’t.
“HELLO!?”
He yelled louder. Still no answer.
Then, after what seemed like an eternity, a voice.
“Greetings, biont.”
It was a dull, monotone speech that seemingly came from everywhere and nowhere. The word “biont”, although Alan didn’t know what it even meant, was spoken in a noticeably lower pitch than the word that came before it that made it seem to be an insult.
“HELP ME!” Alan screamed to the disembodied voice, even though it f…
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You can notate any verse with this notation: (s, t), where s is the number of spatial dimensions, and t is the number of temporal dimensions. Our Universe can be notated like this: (3, 1). This does not explain everything in a Universe, it's just a neat way to see what type of Universe we live in.
A realm which has a verse notation of (x, y), (A), and another realm with a verse notation of (X, Y), (B). We can preform some operations on them. For example:
A + B = (big(x, X), big(y, Y))
AB = (x + X, y + Y)
A  B = (small(x, X), small(y, Y))
A/B = (x  X, y  Y)
A^B = (xX, yY)
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Verse mathematics starts with the most basic unit of cosmology, the Universe. This field of mathematics allows infinity to exist in the natural world.
This is (3, 2) in formal verse notation. This means it has 3 spatial dimensions, and 2 temporal dimensions. It contains all possible variations of our Universe. With the Multiverse, you can jump to a different outcome of our Universe with ease. For example, we have no technology to access the Multiverse. If we had the technology though, you might want to teleport to a Universe with a better outcome.
This is (infinity, 3) in formal verse notation. We know what a Multiverse is, so a Metaverse is the collection of many outcomes for many Universes. It may be that we live right next to a Universe w…
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SlateStarCodex, my favourite blog, does links posts, so I might as well do one of those. They're a good way to spur disussion in the comments, and also people can post their own links.
That is not dead which can eternal lie: the aestivation hypothesis for resolving Fermi’s paradox  The energy efficiency of computation is based on the external temperature. In order to maximise computations, a civilisation could wait until the far future, when computation is potentially 10^{30} times more efficient.
Infinite Ethics  A utilitarian moral system works by adding total utility. For an infinite cosmos, this means that the addition or subtraction of any finite amount of utility would not alter the total moral value of the cosmos. This makes decisions a…
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∞ is a symbol that shows up all over the place, and it is called infinity. You can sometimes do operations on it, like numbers, and you can give equalities to it, and you can take limits. It's not always a number, but sometimes it acts like one.
When pressed to give a definition to ∞, I said "∞ is the symbol which, for any number system with numbers n and an ordering relation >, it is true that ∞ > n". "number system" is left ambiguous, and is very broad  it covers naturals, reals, surreals, cardinals, second cardinals, and whatever else you think of.
Now, this definition itself is somewhat strange; number system is such a big concept that it may be that you can't compare between them. Even so much as saying the real number 2.000... is equal…
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Inaccessable Infinity  largest infinity EVER, impossibly large number, everything larger just equal to it
Hyperverse  contents infinite set of multiverses
Multiverse  set of universes with diameter of 10^42 light years
Hypothetical Pyramid  thing that contains universes, number of pyramids equals to the number of universes. H.P. is 1 000 000 000 000 (1 trillion) light years across
Universe  10 000 000 000  900 000 000 000 light year structure
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from smallest to largest
Quantum < SubHadron < Hadron < Atom < Molecule < Cell < Cell Complex < Organ < Organism < City < Country < Continent < Planet < Solar System < Star Group < Galaxy Arm < Galaxy < G. Group < G. Cluster < G. Supercluster < G. Supercluster Complex < G. Hypercluster < Universe < Hypothetical Pyramid < Multiverse < Hyperverse
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it's 3am and i'm just about ready to dielectric
just placing this down here so i remember to make a blog post on it
it's going to be great
did you know there's a thing called a Poynting vector sounds like a kabbalistic pun
any way yeah EM waves time later constantly refresh your browser
So imagine you have something that varies sinusoidally. You can write this as so after a sufficiently long time we just don't need to think about the free charge. That's a relief!
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my better cosmology, hopefully this stays good before it turns out i made another silly mistake
wip
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The importance of a cause area, as ranked by 80,000 hours, my favourite effective altruist organisation, is calculated by per square metre. Unless it's useful (say, for largescale computation or energy gathering or something), civilisations will preferentially build small megastructures; this is expected, due to the squarecube law.
Large megastructures are still more efficient than the raw squarecube law would suggest; this would predict the log of the cost being half the log of the area. A plot is shown of the actual line of best fit, versus that expected by the square cub law. The explanation is that large megastructures can be much thinner compared to their size than small megastructures  a solid dyson sphere can be characterised as …
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The sizes of archverses are not exactly too much of a concern for most people, as the great majority of people would just cherry pick some random size out of their ass and go with it. However, that is a very bad way to approach the situation, as it gives a very inaccurate size and it kind of pisses me off when I see the size displayed in some size comparisons (as said in my last blog post).
So I'm just going to show you three ways that you can determine sizes, with both their pros and cons. Of course, feel free to choose any method you'd like, as the Law of Cosmological Subjectivity is a thing that can allow for multiple models to "exist".
This is the method I like to use, and to heck with it, I used in in my size comparison. To determine th…
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okay so functions are vectors.
and when you have vectors, you have basis vectors, which I'm gonna call e_{i}. these are the vectors that you can add together to make any other vector. in 2D space, they're called (1,0) and (0,1).
when you scalar product together two basis vectors, you get e_{i}.e_{j} = δ_{ij}. that's a fancy way of saying that scalar producting a basis vector by itself gives you 1, and scalar producting a basis vector by a different one gives you 0. (0, 1).(0, 1) = 1. (0, 1).(1,0) = 0. nice.
now you can write down a function as a sum of your basis vectors. using braket notation, because I'm a fucking casual,
we switched to infinity because it turns out that if you change the variable and the limits at the same time it cancels out in this …
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Making a size comparison isn't hard at all, basic softwares like Movie Maker and PowerPoint and some images of objects are already enough to make a simple size comparison. I've got quite a few friends who are in the size comparison community with channels consisting of mostly size comparisons. Now, most of these size comparisons are pretty inoffensive, with close to accurate sizes for most objects and nice looking pictures.
And then, there are size comparisons containing objects larger than the universe. Now of all size comparisons, this type is the minority of the bunch, with only two surpassing 100,000 views, and to my knowledge, at least eight surpassing 1,000 views (which includes both of mine).
However, this doesn't mean that they are f…
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I'm passionate about circuit theory for some reason. I'm not sure why, but it's just really nice. It's like calculus, but in real life with little calculus machines.
At any point on the circuit, you have two associated quantities, which give you the state of the circuit: voltage and current.
Voltage is electrical potential energy. Batteries use their own energy to give the electrons in the circuit this potential energy. If the voltage drops, then this energy is released somehow; usually as heat.
This means that voltages around a closed loop must add up to 0. If you grab an electron, and then move it around the circuit, then it must lose as much energy as it gains. Otherwise, energy wouldn't be conserved.
Current is the flow of charges; it's pr…
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WIP
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Everyone knows who Arthur C. Clarke was the British science fiction writer, popular science writer, inventor, undersea explorer, futurist, television host and part time philosopher. Clarkes most famous project his semimagnum opus if you like 2001:A Space Odyssey created with the help of the brilliant Stanley Kubrick was an allegory for the development of mankind towards godhood with the unseen aliens representing this godlike state of superintelligence. The film which came slightly before the book has been described as the greatest film ever made, the greatest story ever told and a film beyond films themselves, to me the film is not just a work of art rather it is a stage in our evolution the beginning of our journey towards the singulari…
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In this blog post I would like to describe to you an idea called the 'black hole entity hypothesis' which essentially asks the question of 'is it possible for a sentient being to exist as a blackhole or in other words can black holes gain sentience?'
Before we begin I l would like to describe two types of black hole, the cosmological black hole and the informational blackhole. A cosmological or stellar black hole is formed when a sufficently large star at least 20 times larger than our sun collapses in on itself resulting in a supernova ejecting a large portion of the stars material out into space and an infinitely dense singularity appearing at the centre of the black hole. The gravitational pull of a black hole is strong enough to suck i…
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So I've noticed that math equations and symbols are barely readable on this Wiki.
For instance, here is the famous E=mc^2 equation in LaTeX: . Not very comfortable to read, is it ?
I'm wondering if there is a way to work around this problem, or to make the site display LaTeX in an easier to read way.
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Without resorting to too much speculation, I have decided to compile a list of what I feel covers the basic domains of existence, both physical and abstract.
The vivaverse consists of all things that have an existence physically and nonphysically, (yet not abstractly), such as a rhinoceros beetle, a small asteroid in the Kuiper belt, and a distant quasar. The vivaverse is limited to all things that exist, and therefore does not include things which could theoretically exist but do not.
The subdomains of the vivaverse include the obverse, the universe, and the hiverse. The obverve is short for the "observable universe" and consists of all the space, time, and objects within an approximately 92 billion light year diameter sphere, with Earth b…
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This is circuit theory, which is physics, and therefore within the scope of this wiki. This is what I am going to tell my lawyer when you sue me.
These components follow Kirchoff's laws:
 Current flowing into a junction and current flowing out of a junction are equal (conservation of charge)
 Total voltage around a closed loop is zero (conservation of energy)
With these you can construct a differential equation that describes the behaviour of your circuit.
These are ideal components  nonideal components can be represented by adding resistors, inductors and capacitors to taste.
Worked examples coming maybe.
 Voltage source  Sets the voltage to . Associated with elastance and capacitance. Secretly just a gap.

So I stumbled upon this site while on the Googology Wiki, assuming by the name it was about multidimensional spaces and their mathematical properties, (i.e. topology, polytopes, etc...). Instead however I found many pages which contain no provably factual information at all, but instead offer unverifiable cosmological theories.
The multiverse is a strictly hypothetical construct, which even if it were to exist, there would be no way to confirm this due to the fact it would be impossible to travel outside of our universe. So while imagining a vastly larger "verse" that contains ours stretches the imagination, it leaves us with no new understanding of the world around us, and is pretty useless to be honest.
Another issue I have with the arti…
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http://spacecheetahs.wikia.com/wiki/Cheetah_(toratope)
A cheetah is a sixteendimensional toratope. It can be defined as the set of all points an equal distance from the margin of a octocylinder, in other words, a torus made from a octocylinder.
The cheetah gets its name from the Felinal naming system, where tigric toratopes get named after smaller cats after tiger.
 1 cheetah (16D)

Clearly, fractional hypercubes are best created by cartesian exponentiation of a line.
faces, etc.
Is this reasonable? Probably.
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revamping it, stay tuned!
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COPY AND PASTED FROM HERE
I think that the Universe isn't exactly flat or a sphere, but a glome , a 4dimensional version of a sphere (though it's entirely possible that it could be any other manifold). This model will be used in Space Cheetahs. The universe that we see, observe, and will observe is only the 3dimensional surface of a 4dimensional ball. You may travel in any direction you please, and you will always end up back where you started. Think of it like trying to draw a straight line on a ball, but in a higher dimension and a much higher scale. As the entire universe expands, all of the surface expands at once, meaning that there is no "center" of the Universe you can travel to. You can try to find the center of the Universe, yo…
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A cosmology set that I came up with.
The Box: The Highest Possible/Impossible cosmological level.
Altarca: Set of possibilities/impossibilities within the Box, making up its structure.
Beyond: Unknown zone containing countless monocosms.
Monocosm: Collective set of higherranked verses such as the Omniverse, Godverse, the Outside, and etc.
The Outside: Extradimensional absence of space that makes up the "region" within a Monocosm.
Godverse: The realms that house the Creator and the Destroyer.
Omniverse: Largest possible verse of a cosmology, containing infinite lesser verses within it.
Multiverse: Vast collection of infinite universes.
Universe: A single realm of selfcontained space and time, possibily housing life, or no life at all.
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He is beyond everything, beyond beyond everything, beyond the omniultrainfinite hierarchy, in fact, he is beyond all hierarchys and everything else and whatever. Even beyonjd existence, nonexistence, etc. And all etc/ and etc.
He could defeat The Box, Nothing, Omniumverse Suggsverse, Sora, KAMITRON, Exaggerated Goku, Sora and all in his creations, Meatwad, Voyagers (Suggsverse) and the Omniumverse with less than less than no effort at minimum. However he could appear at our level and the level (even if levels don't apply) if he wishes.
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okay let me start
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my hierarchy starts at something I call a "point"
it's not an actual point with zero dimensions
or whatever
it's just the simpliest concept there is
it doesn't have any properties or stats
next important thing is what i call a "connection"
two points can be connected with a connection
that forms a very simple concept
yet just ever so slightly more complex than just a point
the only information it contains is well.......
the fact that two points are unified in a concept lol
it's important to note that
points don't have an "ID"
nor do connections
it's only possible to have one connection between two points
and MOST importantly!
this is not a geometic entity, it's not oriented in space
it's just an abstract thing
okay so from two connected poi…

We are starting from Aleph null.The first smallest infinity! Then we hit Aleph_Omega. Wich is a bigger infinity then the other alephs below it. Then whats beyond them? Aleph nullAleph omegaθ We hit something here. Its an ineccible cardinal called transinfinity the smallest transinfinity.
We hit then a other thing called Theta_one. Or the second smallest transinfinity θ+1 And then comes θ+2 θ+3 θ+4 and so one........
As we see on the picture. This is an inecceible smallest transinfinity after we hit those Theta pluses we hit a bigger transinfinity called. θ1 Or theta 1. θ2 θ3 θ4 θ5... All the way out to θ_omega! So we can reach θxθ or we can do a bigger trasinfinity cardinal Then θ×θ + 1, θ×θ + 2, ... θxθ + ω, ... θ×(θ + 1), ... θ×(θ×θ…
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This is the archive of one of the pages I made, called Everything. In the page, I defined Nothing in wrong way, so it was deleted. I will rewrite it in the future.
Everything, also known as Every Thing, All Things, Every Single Thing, Everyone, etc, is the object that doesn't lack anything. This concept created by Alemagno12.
Since Everything doesn't lack anything, Everything can't even have a name, but it can't not have a name, because it would lack having or not having a name. But even if Everything doesn't have and doesn't (doesn't have) a name, that last statement is false, since Everything would lack not (not having a name and not (not having a name)). In fact, even that last statement is false too, since Everything would lack not havin…
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The growth of a civilisation, unconstrained by resources, with no technology, follows the differential equation
 W, most of which comes from luminous Bclass stars).

Infinityverse  EVERYTHING and EVERYONE existing, and don't existing
BEYOND  everything inside Infinityverse's Crust, and beyond Giga Dodecahedron
GIGA DODECAHEDRON  multiple DODECAHEDRONS OF SPACETIME
Dodecahedron Of SpaceTime  dodecahedron, holding a Omniverse inside it
Omniverse  multiple Hyperverses
Hyperverse  multiple Xenoverses
Xenoverse  multiple Metaverses
Metaverse  multiple Multiverses
Multiverse T  largest multiverse
Multiverse M  medium multiverse
Multiverse B  multiverse beta, contains multiple universes
Universe  u know
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This cosmology is not yet complete.
 The Box  The largest imaginable or unimaginable set and the top level container containing everything else and every conceivable and inconceivable idea ever. The box contains everything outside the box, whilst still being contained by The Box. Nothing surpasses The Box but as it is a concept, it still contained by The Box. There is no a single ruler of the box, except The True God.
 Altarca  Sealed portions of the Box which is the set of possibilities and impossibilities within the Box, making up its structures. Our local altarca is the Barrelplex.
 Transcendentem  Sum of massive bubbles of Beyond. If you went back in time you'd be in a different version of Beyond.
 Beyond  Indescribable/Unknown "space" or…

Impossiverse is not a verse, but it is a set contains concepts and existence in nesting subsets.
All of the subsets must be in one grand set, which is the sum. The element can be either the subset, existence, nonexistence, or concept. There are 2 types of subsets, the square brackets and curly brackets.
The square brackets have 2 to infinity elements, that the first element contains all other elements in the subset.
The curly brackets that if the first element exists in the cosmology, then the result is the second element, otherwise the third element.
Work in progress!
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This law states that any possible new structure anyone comes up with to include everything else and/or be above everything else in the cosmological hierarchy will either be structurally identical to The Box or end up being smaller than it and, therefore, contained by it.
According to this law, such attempts only end up creating different points of view of the same top level structure, nothing more.
An example of this is the Imaginarium which, despite being quite different in description to the Box still is structurally identical to it on a fundamental level. Both are the fictional containers for everything. Both contain smaller elements (Altarcae and Imaginata) which are individual independent cosmologies. Those contain everything else insid…
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It seems that we will always find a 'whatever' that is in contrary to 'whatever'. Whatever that 'lacks', even if we claim that it does not lack. A paradox will lack a resolution, and the resolution will lack the infinite loop. The simultaneous will lack the nonsimultaneous. The beyond will lack the immediate. Inclusion will lack exclusion. Limitation will lack nonlimitation and vice versa. The both and the neither. The all and the none. The quasi and the semi. The balance and the imbalance. The maybe and maybe nots. The coherent and the incoherent. Yet somehow the lacks will lack the lack nots. So how do we deal with this?
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